World AIDS Day 2018: Facts to Know About AIDS Around the WorldWishesh Special

December 01, 2018 09:31
World AIDS Day 2018: Facts to Know About AIDS Around the World

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As the world observes World AIDS Day today, here are some facts to know about HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and its challenges.

To begin with, the worldwide campaign to end AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) has made a significant step but the epidemic persists to be one of the world's leading public health challenges, affecting almost 37 million people.

According to campaigners, one of the biggest challenges in the combat to end AIDS is encouraging people to get tested and making them conscious of treatment and prevention services.

The theme of the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day, an international day dedicated to showing support for people surviving with HIV and commemorates those who have died, is "Know your Status".

Facts About HIV/AIDS

Since the origin of the epidemic, over 70 million people have been infected with the HIV virus while about 35 million people have died of HIV. Globally, 36.9 million people were surviving with HIV at the end of 2017.

– Growing awareness and access to antiretroviral drugs have more than halved the number of AIDS-related deceases since 2004.

- In the years 1988–1995, 78 percent of the deaths were caused by AIDS, a figure that fell to 15 percent in the period spanning 2005 and 2010. At its peak in 1992, AIDS-related mortality reached a rate of 11 per 100 person-years and then dropped to 0.144 by 2006.

- Every week, about 7,000 young women aged between 15 and 24 are infected with HIV.

- In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent women are twice as exposed to be living with HIV than men.

- South Africa has the world’s highest HIV prevalence, with almost one in five people infected.

- One in four people, close to 9 million, are unaware that they are HIV-positive.

- UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) wants nine in 10 people to know their status by 2020.

- About 22 million people were accessing antiretroviral drugs in 2017, compared with 8 million in 2010.

- Eight from 10 pregnant women surviving with HIV received treatment in 2017, compared with less than half in 2010.

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world aids day  aids  hiv